The scientific search for a missing planet
SCIENTIFIC ARTICLES AND STUDIES ON PLANET X. IS IT NIBIRU/MARDUK VENERATED IN MESOPOTAMIA?
by Luca Scantamburlo
UPDATING: April 13, 2008
I still respect and trust what the United States of America represent and are, notwithstanding some mistakes done in the past and done recently by the last Administration, especially through some lies directly told – by some politicians and decision makers – to the mass media, the American public and the entire world.
The not well-known “Kay report” is just an example of that: David Kay, a former C.I.A. chief inspector in Middle-East, did not report what the U.S. President claimed he had reported about clues and evidence of weapons of mass destruction in Iraq: as the matter of fact, David Kay resigned to leave a mark of his disdain the day after the State of the Union address (January 2004). Commenting the U.S. President’s speech, he said to the media:
<<He should have said, in my view: we were wrong. He didn’t! […] The worst thing for democracy is to suppress the truth in the interest of the elections.>>
source: <<Le mond selon Bush>>, a film by William Karel, © Flach Film, 2004
with the participation of France 2 and the collaboration of RTBF, TSR, SBS, and of the
Centre National de la Cinématographie.
Previously the former F.B.I. vice-director John O’Neill did the same (again resignation) for other reasons, and unfortunately he died on September 11th at the W.T.C. in New York City, as person in charge of W.T.C. security. It is likely that a hidden and big struggle is in action at every level since year 2001, and perhaps even before. Being under wraps, we can just have some visible clues of it.
I know that there are still many people who – as members of Federal agencies and of U.S. military – are really loyal subject of the American Constitution (1787), the Bill of Rights (1789-1791), and they are aware of what the Declaration of Independence (signed by General Congress on July 4th, 1776) stands still today for all Americans.
So I have decided it is time to speak out and to present to the public some abstracts and excerpts coming from my unpublished book, in spite of I have not finished the first draft yet; an essay I have called:
<<The American Armageddon. From Eisenhower’s Secret to the Discovery of Planet X>>.
A book for which so far I did not find a publisher yet. By the way, I foretold my unpublished work on an Italian bi-monthly magazine (UFO Notiziario, pag.43, nr.65, October/November 2006), before that the well-known and brilliant scholar Zecharia Sitchin announced his:<<The End of Days. Armageddon and Prophecies of the Return>>, published in 2007 by William Morrow-HarperCollins Publishers, USA. I did not copy any part of his title; just a curious coincidence about the biblical term used by both of us: Armageddon.
The recent scientific article published by the magazine New Scientist – <<The Mystery of Planet X>>, by Govert Schilling, magazine issue 2638, 11 January 2008 – is a not at all a surprise for me. Several scientists in the past dedicated time and energy to search for Planet X. For example: T. C. Van Vlandern (U.S. Naval Observatory), C. Powell (Teledyne Brown Engineering, Huntsville, Alabama), R.S. Gomes (Observatorio Nacional in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil), G.D. Quinlan (Lick Observatory) and many others. Among them, the most famous was Robert Sutton Harrington (USNO). Now, here you are a short excerpt from the first chapter of my book, entitled <<La vexata quaestio del pianeta X: da P. Lowell a R.S. Harrington>>:
<<[…] Purtroppo l?improvvisa malattia del dr. Robert S. Harrington ? la quale ufficialmente lo condusse alla morte nel gennaio 1993 – ci ha privato di un importante ed autorevole esperto in materia. Uno scienziato che durante la sua carriera aveva già firmato sul pianeta X ben cinque articoli usciti su svariati periodi scientifici.
Eccone i titoli e gli anni di pubblicazione:
– Planet X? (aprile 1986);
– Planet X ? The Current Status (coautore con P.K. Seidelmann, marzo 1988);
– The Location of Planet X (giugno ed ottobre 1988);
– The Search for Planet X (settembre 1989);
– Search for Planet X (1991).
È evidente che lo studio dell?ipotetico pianeta X era stato al centro degli interessi e della vita professionale del compianto scienziato. Perché mai tanta ostinazione?>>
from The American Armageddon. From the Eisenhower’s Secret to the Discovery of Planet X,
by L. Scantamburlo © 2006-2008 – unpublished
The text reproduced above is in Italian and is about the courageous Robert Sutton Harrington (Newport, VA, October 21, 1943 ? January 23, 1993), who worked as astronomer at the U.S. Naval Observatory, in Washington D.C, and died because of an esophageal cancer. Harrington was a recognized scientist: he worked with James Christy who later on discovered the moon Charon, in 1978. They calculated the mass of the Pluto-Charon system, which was lower than the lowest previous estimates.
About R.S. Harrington, there is a nice biography written by one of his collegues – dr. Charles E. Worley – and spread in September 1993; you can find it on Internet searching for <<Robert Sutton Harrington, 1942-1993>>, and Publication: Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society ; vol. 25, no. 4, p. 1496-1497, USNO.
Pay attention to the biographical test and to what there is written about the Harrington’s interest in search for Planet X. Then, draw your own conclusions, remembering how many scientific articles were written by him on the same subject (they were 5) before to die (see the list above). It would be helpful to know what there is written in the last scientific work by R.S. Harrington: <<Search for Planet X>>, published in 1991 on Reports of Planetary Astronomy, pag.53 (N92-12792 03.89). On the Web only a short abstract is available.
Moreover, it is very interesting the fact that R.S. Harrington was interviewed by Zecharia Sitchin in August 1990: a few minutes of that interview are available in the outstanding documentary entitled Are We Alone?, and based on Sitchin’s Genesis Revisited, 1990-1991 (Paradox Media Ltd. & Why Not Productions, (C) 1992; directed by Franco B. Bottinelli and Marcel C. Kahn).
But as Zecharia Sitchin pointed out in an interview kindly granted to me in year 2006 for an Italian magazine, their conversation was recorded for at least 40 minutes. I am sure that the other minutes, showed by Sitchin to some of his fans during one of his recent seminars in U.S.A., are quite important as well.
Now let’s talk about the well-known I.R.A.S. project (InfraRed Astronomical Satelliteproject): I quote from the second chapter of my book, entiltled <<Le sonde Pioneer 10-11 ed il telescopio Iras a caccia del pianeta X?>>:
<<[…] Ricapitoliamo la cronologia degli articoli e dei fatti principali:
a) 19 giugno 1982: pubblicazione dell?articolo Spacecraft May Detect Mystery Body in Space, New York Times; l?articolo fornisce tre stime della distanza di tre diversi ipotetici corpi celesti non ancora identificati e che potrebbero essere responsabili delle anomalie registrate sui moti orbitali di Urano e Nettuno.
b) 25 gennaio 1983: lancio del satellite all?infrarosso IRAS dalla base californiana di Vandenberg (USAF); si tratta di un ambizioso progetto scientifico congiunto che coinvolge tre diversi enti scientifici (la NASA, l?agenzia spaziale olandese NIVR ed il britannico SERC); costo del progetto: 80 milioni di dollari .
c) 30 gennaio 1983: pubblicazione dell?articolo Clues Get Warm in the Search for Planet X, di John Noble Wilford, New York Times; si discutono le anomalie gravitazionali dei due giganti Urano e Nettuno, dovute probabilmente ad un <<large object that may be the long-sought Planet X>>; inoltre, si sottolinea come gli scienziati della NASA stiano monitorando i percorsi delle sonde spaziali Pioneer 10 ed 11 in modo tale da registrare eventuali variazioni nelle loro traiettorie che fornirebbero in tal caso indizi sulla origine della misteriosa forza perturbatrice.
d) 30 dicembre 1983: pubblicazione del celebre articolo Mystery Heavenly Body Found by Infrared Orbiting Telescope, a firma di Thomas O?Toole, Washington Post; finalmente si ha un primo valore sperimentale, anche se controverso: a 50 milardi di miglia da noi sarebbe presente un oggetto celeste enorme, di tipo gioviano. Gli scienziati del team dell?IRAS non sanno di che cosa si tratti.
C?è un filo rosso che collega questi articoli di divulgazione scientifica, pubblicati su prestigiosi quotidiani statunitensi? Mi sembra palese che esso ci sia e possa essere individuato nell?indagine sull?origine delle misteriose perturbazioni orbitali riscontrate nei moti dei pianeti più esterni, perturbazioni attribuite al celebre pianeta X a lungo cercato da Lowell.
Questo spiegherebbe il progetto internazionale IRAS, finalizzato soprattutto a fare luce su un?anomalia che viene ascritta dunque ad una forza di natura gravitazionale non ancora identificata. Il problema è capire se essa sia dovuta all?influenza di una nana bruna (una compagna oscura del Sole), di un corpo planetario dall?orbita molto ellittica, oppure sia il risultato di un?azione combinata di entrambi. La presenza di un potenziale buco nero non verrà più riesumata dagli studiosi, in seguito.
La clamorosa coincidenza nel valore di 50 miliardi di miglia (quasi che la sorgente infrarossa individuata dall?IRAS fosse già stata desunta se non otticamente, almeno sulla carta attraverso complessi calcoli di meccanica celeste), suggerisce che è molto probabile che il Sole faccia parte di un sistema stellare binario. La sua compagna avrebbe una massa gioviana ma non sufficiente ad innescare reazioni termonucleari di fusione: da qui si comprende la sua difficoltà ad essere vista nello spettro del visibile, non brillando di luce propria e trovandosi ad una remota distanza da noi, molto oltre le colonne d?Ercole del Sistema Solare (qui intese come le orbite dei pianeti più esterni: Nettuno e Plutone). >>
from The American Armageddon. From the Eisenhower’s Secret to the Discovery of Planet X,
by L. Scantamburlo © 2006-2008 – unpublished
It is obvious that articles of scientific spreading published on prestigious newspapers compose some pieces of a giant scientific riddle, which has meaningful political and religious implications. At this point, I believe the Andy Lloyd’s research is another piece which can contribuite to solve the enigma: <<Winged Disc: The Dark Star Theory>> and <<The Dark Star: The Planet X Evidence>>, by Andy Lloyd, © Timeless Voyager Press, 2005.
A. Lloyd is a British author and chemist who lives in U.K.: in the last years has studied Sitchin’s books and the problem of Planet X search.
In fact there are strange data – with reference to search for Planet X – published on <<The New Illustrated Science and Invention Encyclopedia>> by H.S. Stuttman Inc., Westport, Conneticut -1987-89 Edition, USA.
On page 2488 there is a discussion about the NASA Pioneer probes and their interplanetary flight (now become interstellar). There is also a diagram which clearly shows the position of “Nemesis”, a popular name for our hypothetical Sun’s binary companion: the datum reported in the diagram is “Dead Star – 50 billion miles”. In this case, of course, when we are talking about a dead star, probably we are referring to a brown dwarf. But what is more interesting is that the chart provides the approximate position of Planet X, indicated as: “Tenth Planet – 4.7 billion miles”. So there would be – as members of the Solar System – two more important celestial bodies. Unfortunately no information on the source of the data are included, neither in the text nor in the caption.
Remember that the date of first publication of this encyclopaedia is 1987, while the first Kuiper Belt Object (K.B.O.) was co-discovered only in the following years (precisely in 1992), by David Jewitt and the fellow Jane Luu. By the way, in the past years the astronomer David Jewitt asserted about Planet X:
<< […] Summary – There is no convincing evidence for Planet X but “absence of evidence is not evidence of absence”. Such an object could exist provided it is sufficiently far away. >>
Planet X, by D. Jewitt, Last updated 2005 August
Now, in my opinion it seems that the mysterious data provided by that American encyclopaedia mentioned above is a leak of information from the American scientific community. Is it possible? The first datum, about the possible dark star beyond Neptune and Pluto, is 50 billion miles, the same datum provided by IRAS team, in 1983, and referred to a mysterious celestial object. But what about the so-called “Tenth Planet”, and its distance of 4.7 billion miles? Well, a possible answer could be hidden in this statement:
<<In addition, the telescope provided new look at our own galaxy, the Milky Way, and detected many new mysterious objects.>>, from a NASA press release, www.jpl.nasa.gov/releases/80s/release_1983_1038.html
“Many new mysterious objects”, they said; of course new asteroids, comets, … And is it possible that the IRAS has identified another mysterious celestial body whose existence was put under wraps, because of military and political reasons? What do you think the praxis of scientific spreading is? For instance, the scientist Michael Brown (Caltech) has written something about large objects discovered in Space and about the procedure of their spreading to general public:
<< […] there is a second reason that we don’t announce objects immediately, and that is because we feel a responsibility not just to our scientific colleagues but to the public. We know that these large objects that keep being found are likely to be the result of intensive interest by the public, and we would like to have the story as complete as possible before making an announcement.>>
source: <<The Discovery of 2003 UB313, the 10th Planet>>
by M. Brown, 2005 – www.gps.caltech.edu/~mbrown/planetlila/#paper
His article is 3 years old, and about the astronomical code mentioned in the title – “2003 UB313” – is not the 10th planet: it is one of the many KBO, and now its name is Eris.
Now, let’s give a look to what would have happened in Space in the early 1990’s, according to some scientists. On September 28 1999 the BBC news Online made an announcement:<<Old Spacecraft Makes Surprise Discovery>>, by dr. David Whitehouse. It was a news about the Pioneer 10, sent by NASA in 1972 towards Jupiter and beyond the frontiers of the Solar System, and its presumed encounter in deep space with a probable Trans-Neptunian Object, that would have occured in December 1992. In the article the researchers involved in the discovery are some scientists from JPL (NASA, Pasadena) and an Italian scientist: dr.Giacomo Giampieri, from the Queen Mary and Westfield College in London, UK; dr. G. Giampieri said to press: <<We are quite excited that we have found one of these events. It is a very neat signal!>>. A short passage from that article:
<< [?] On 8 December, 1992, when Pioneer was 8.4 billion km (5.2 billion miles) away, they saw that it had been deflected from its course for about 25 days. The scientists have been looking for such an effect for years and are currently analysing the data using several different methods to confirm their findings.>>
Sci/Tech; Old spacecraft makes surprise discovery
By BBC News Online Science Editor Dr David Whitehouse
Tuesday, September 28, 1999 Published at 21:23 GMT 22:23 UK
NASA has never denied, and as the matter of fact the same news is reported on several institutional websites (included NASA websites), such as:
The young Italian astrophysicist Giacomo Giampieri was born in 1965 and earned a laurea in astronomy in Bologna (1988) and Ph.D. in Theoretical Physics (Pavia, 1992) with the following thesis: <<Gravitational radiation background: theory and detection with Doppler tracking of interplanetary spacecraft>>; after that, he went to U.S.A. where he worked at the striking Jet Propulsion Laboratory, before to find a job in last part of his career at the Imperial College, in London. Unfortunately he died in September 2006, in Los Angeles, because of a cancer. What about his colleagues and their previous work?
For sure the following article (year 1995) led them to their discovery: <<Search for Kuiper-Belt Flybys Using Pioneer 10 Radio Doppler Data>>, by J.D.Anderson, G.Giampieri, E.L.Lau, & R.T.Hammond, published on Bull. Am. Astr. Soc. 187, # 42.07 (1995). In fact some years later – in October 1999 – another article was published: <<Pioneer 10 Encounter with a Trans-Neptunian Object at 56 AU?>>, by G.Giampieri, J.D.Anderson, & E.L.Lau, Bull. Am. Astr. Soc. 31, # 26.04 (1999).
Do you see any relation? The datum of 56 A.U. (not sure, it is an esteem, and that’s why there is a question mark in the article title) is close to what we have from the already mentioned encylopaedia: 4.7 billion miles are 58.22 A.U. (if they are nautical miles, and not statute miles). The new datum – but experimental – is 56 A.U. I presumed that somebody already knew a possible and approximate position, at that time, of Planet X (early 1980’s).
Therefore, is it possible that Pioneer 10 has had an encounter with Planet X? Let’s see what John Anderson – another scientist who worked with Giampieri – did in the past: in July 1987 John Anderson (JPL, NASA), with Robert S. Harrington (but what a coincidence!) held a press conference in which they talked about the possibile existence of the Tenth Planet. However, they did not suggest a cometary orbit for the Planet X. In Italy the magazinePanorama wrote an article about it, entitled <<Ben trovato, mondo X>>, by Sandro Boeri.
But who John Anderson is and what did he do as researcher?
First of all, dr. John D. Anderson is a Senior Research Scientist at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Ph.D. in 1967, he worked as Principal Investigator for Celestial Mechanics on various NASA missions (Mariner, Pioneer, and Galileo). He earned also a medal from NASA for his work on Pioneer 10 and 11. Indeed! You can find that he wrote a scientific article in 1988: <<Planet X – Fact or Fiction?>> (Planetary Report, vol.8, July-August, 1988, p.6-9), but back in June 19, 1982, The New York Times published the already mentioned article:<<Spacecraft May Detect Mystery Body in Space>>:
<< […] Scientists at the space agency’s Ames Research Center said the two spacecrafts, Pioneers 10 and 11, which are already farther into space than any other man-made objects, might add to knowledge of a mysterious object believed to be beyond the solar system’s uotermost known planets.>>
Spacecraft May Detect Mystery Body in Space
NYT, June 19, 1982
It means that at NASA someone was already attempting to detect what was responsible for the <<persistant irregularities in the orbits of Uranus and Neptune>>, the article says. Even before the IRAS launch, taken place in January 1983 from the Vandenberg Air Force Base. It is curious what the article suggests about the possible explanations of the anomalies: 5 billion miles for an unknown planet “beyond the outer orbital ring of known planets”, 50 billion miles for “a dark-star type ob object”, and 100 billion miles for a black hole. And on January 30, 1983, The New York Times published an article entitled <<Clues Get Warm in the Search for Planet X>>, by John Noble Wilford, where John Anderson is mentioned:
<<[…] Moreover, a brown dwarf in the neighborhood might not reflect enough light to be seen far away, said Dr. John Anderson of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, Calif.>>
But most significant are the folllowing words, always coming from the NYT article:
<<Its gravitational forces, however, should produce energy detectable by the Infrared Astronomical Satellite […] Dr. Anderson said he was “quite optimistic” that the infrared telescope might find it and that the Pioneer spacecraft could supply an estimate of the object’s mass>>.
So, was dr. Anderson reffering to an extended mission of the Pioneers spacraft? It is enough giving a look to what John Anderson with Michael M. Nieto and Slava G. Turyshev, presented at the 35th COSPAR Scientific Assembly, in Paris, on July 18-25 2004; their report was: <<The Study of the Anomalous Acceleration of Pioneer 10 and 11>>.
Well, at page 8 of the .pdf file of their work (available on Internet) there is written: <<Mid 1979 (Search for Planet X)>>, and it is also specified <<Search for unmodeled accelerations started (~ 20 AU)>>.
Somebody among the highest levels of NASA – probably since the early 1970’s- knew already that there could be some very important celestial bodies not discovered yet in the visible spectrum and belonging to our Solar System.
Some possible answers could be concealed in the ancient texts and traditions, as the scholars Immanuel Velikovsky and Zecharia Sitchin suggested and proved in their books and work.
Are we ready for the unexpected?
© Luca Scantamburlo
February 22, 2008
Reproduction is allowed on the Web if accompanied by the statement
© L. Scantamburlo – www.angelismarriti.it
Reproduced by permission.
UPDATING: IMPORTANT ERRATA CORRIGE
In the last weeks I have read again my writings over and over, and all of a sudden I realized I made a mistake in changing unit of measurement. I apologize with you. As the matter of fact I had thought of 4.7 billion of miles mentioned by The New Illustrated Science and Invention Encyclopedia – and related to the position of the “Tenth Planet” at the end of the ’80s – as statute miles, but if you consider them as nautical miles (knot), they are about 58.22 A.U, and not 50.56 A.U as I had written.
So in this case the scientific data and their implications coming out from the described situation, could be more coherent and deeper than before, because it seems that years later (December 1992) Pioneer 10 was deflected from its course by a trans-neptunian object, when the space probe was at 56 A.U. …
April 13, 2008
1 statute mile (sta.mi.) = 1.61 km
1 nautical mile (knot) = 1.853 km (1.15 sta.mi)
1 Astronomical Unit (A.U.) = 149597870 km.
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